The Prose Literature of the Gaelic Revival, 18811921

Ideology and Innovation

By (author) Philip O'Leary

Paperback - £33.95

Publication date:

15 April 1994

Length of book:

540 pages


Penn State University Press

ISBN-13: 9780271025964

The Gaelic Revival has long fascinated scholars of political history, nationalism, literature, and theater history, yet studies of the period have neglected a significant dimension of Ireland's evolution into nationhood: the cultural crusades mounted by those who believed in the centrality of the Irish language to the emergent Irish state.

This book attempts to remedy that deficiency and to present the lively debates within the language movement in their full complexity, citing documents such as editorials, columns, speeches, letters, and literary works that were influential at the time but all too often were published only in Irish or were difficult to access. Cautiously employing the terms "nativist" and "progressive" for the turnings inward and toward the European continent manifested in different authors, this study examines the strengths and weaknesses of contrasting positions on the major issues confronting the language movement. Moving from the early collecting or retelling of folklore through the search for heroes in early Irish history to the reworking of ancient Irish literary materials by retelling it in modern vernacular Irish, O'Leary addresses the many debates and questions concerning Irish writing of the period. His study is a model for inquiries into the kind of linguistic-literary movement that arises during intense nationalism.

“This book is a comprehensive literary history of the Irish language movement during its crucial period—the forty years from its organization to the Civil War—with full and fairly detailed accounts of the authors and works involved. There is no available synthesis that could begin to compare with it in the scope and range of the material it covers. Hence it should fill an important need to all those who are interested in Ireland and its culture.”

—Harry Levin, Harvard University