Creating a Democratic Public

The Struggle for Urban Participatory Democracy During the Progressive Era

By (author) Kevin Mattson

Paperback - £24.95

Publication date:

15 September 1997

Length of book:

216 pages


Penn State University Press

ISBN-13: 9780271017235

During America's Progressive Era at the beginning of the twentieth century, democracy was more alive than it is today. Social activists and intellectuals of that era formed institutions where citizens educated themselves about pressing issues and public matters. While these efforts at democratic participation have largely been forgotten, their rediscovery may represent our best hope for resolving the current crisis of democracy in the United States.

Mattson explores the work of early activists like Charles Zueblin, who tried to advance adult education at the University of Chicago, and Frederic Howe, whose People's Institute sparked the nationwide forum movement. He then turns to the social centers movement, which began in Rochester, New York, in 1907 with the opening of public schools to adults in the evening as centers for debate over current issues. Mattson tells how this simple program grew into a national phenomenon and cites its achievements and political ideals, and he analyzes the political thought of activists within the movement—notably Mary Parker Follett and Edward Ward—to show that these intellectuals had a profound understanding of what was needed to create vigorous democratic practices.

Creating a Democratic Public challenges us to reconsider how we think about democracy by bringing us into critical dialogue with the past and exploring the work of yesterday's activists. Combining historical analysis, political theory, and social criticism, Mattson analyzes experiments in grassroots democracy from the Progressive Era and explores how we might foster more public involvement in political deliberation today.

“The ultimate lessons Mattson draws from his research are both timely and compelling. Clearly, attempting to connect citizen deliberation to the direct avenues of political power will be no easy task. Furthermore, those who struggle for a democratic community must understand that their efforts require more than the freedoms now available in a consumer society and that fledgling movements are always in danger of being swallowed up by large, bureaucratic institutions.”

—James R. Simmons, New Political Science